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Conservation Hadza Tanzania

Hadzabe Facing Extinction

One of the world’s last and most ancient hunter-gatherer societies struggle for survival in northern Tanzania.

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Infrastructure Kenya Maasai

Olkaria Geothermal Power Stations vs. Maasai

The Kenyan government’s plan to generate clean energy interferes with Maasai lives, displacing them from their land to make way for energy stations.

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Conservation Endorois Kenya Ogiek Sengwer

The Ogiek

The Ogiek are a hunter-gatherer community who have won two landmark court cases this decade to remain on their ancestral land in the Mau Forest and be recognized as indigenous rights holders.

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Conservation Endorois Kenya

The Endorois

The African Commission ruled in 2010 that the eviction of the Endorois is a violation of their rights. Photo credit: Minority Rights Group

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Baka Conservation Fang Gabon

Baka of Gabon vs. Conservation and Development

There are many indigenous hunter-gatherer-farmer people known as Baka living in Gabon today. They face challenges to their lifestyle due to government-sponsored development and conservation efforts, as well as marginalization from other peoples. Image Credit: Gulf News

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Infrastructure Namibia OvaHimba (Himba) San Zemba

Himba vs. Hydroelectric Dam Proposals in Kunene Region

The OvaHimba [Himba] have held onto their traditional pastoralist lifestyle to this day despite many droughts, wars, and land grab attempts. They face new challenges as the government seeks to build dams on the Kunene River. Photo Credit: Hans Hillewaert

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Conservation Nama Namibia Ovatwa San Zemba

Indigenous Land Rights Efforts in Namibia

Today, indigenous groups in Namibia struggle for recognition and formal collective land rights of their respective ancestral territories. They are facing government land reform efforts in the name of development and conservation. Photo credit: Maryknoll 

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Conservation Karamojong Uganda

Karamojong vs. Land Grabbing

Karamojong pastoralists are an impoverished, historically marginalized group without political representation. They have suffered in the past from land grabs for conservation by the government. Open grazing land is dwindling and their entire way of life is at risk. Today, government officials seek to abolish pastoralism in the region.

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Ethiopia Refugees

Anywaa (Anuak) vs. Nuer vs. Gambella

The Anywaa are an agro-pastoralist group living in Gambella. The Nuer are pastoralists who primarily live in South Sudan, but have found much of their population fleeing to Gambella as refugees, resulting in conflict with the Anywaa. Today, the country is reportedly home to the world’s most internally displaced peoples. Photo credit: Francois Servranckx/MSF

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Basarwa Botswana Conservation San

Basarwa/San vs. Central Kalahari Game Reserve

Basarwa/San are hunter-gatherers indigenous to southern Africa, traditionally living in the Kalahari Desert and Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Although the reserve was given to the group in the 1960’s, the Botswana government has forced them out over time to pursue mining development and tourism there instead. Photo Credit: SI