Over the past two decades, indigenous peoples of Africa have seen a sharp increase in violations of their human rights and intensified efforts to appropriate their land and water resources. This website documents historical and contemporary cases of human rights violations against indigenous peoples of Africa. Detailed case studies vary by country and type of conflict.
Subject to high levels of discrimination and persecution and low levels of political representation, pastoralists/herders, agro-pastoralists, and hunter-gatherers are losing their traditional territories and grazing lands to powerful interests. This includes:
- International conservation organizations
- Large-scale agribusiness
- Infrastructure projects
- Extractive industries
- Encroachment by farming communities (who as the majority population are favored by their governments)
- Refugee crises including indigenous peoples
These threats undermine and put at risk the ability of indigenous communities in Africa to maintain their land, livelihoods and cultures.
Information on current cases of rights violations are classified by country, ethnic group, and violation category. We will continue to add more cases as they arise and can be verified.
To send information on late-breaking news or additional cases, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Latest Cases Added
- Language Rights of Amazigh People vs. Government of MoroccoAnalyzing the Conditions of Tamazight Language Revitalization in Morocco.
- Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline vs. Bakola/BagyeliThe large extraction project poses negative social, environmental, and health impacts on indigenous peoples in Cameroon.
- Kilosa and MvomeroFarmers encroaching on pastoralist village land has led to violent conflict in Kilosa and Mvomero districts.
- Bellah in MaliBellah people are a marginalized group within the Kel Tamasheq society. Descent-based slavery has kept Bellah people within a caste system.
- Mbororo vs. Civil StrifeAn ongoing civil war between Anglophone Cameroonians and the Francophone government has led to increasing ethnic tensions and strife that has consequently contributed to the displacement and loss of livelihood of pastoralist Mbororo.
- Mau Forest Evictions of MaasaiThe Mau Forest complex – which spans four Kenyan districts including Kericho, Nakuru, Bomet, and Narok – is rapidly declining due to human deforestation.
- Maragoli vs. Agribusiness and the Republic of UgandaPushing Back Against Human Rights Violations By the Republic of Uganda, Police, and Multinational Agribusiness Corporations
- African Parks Foundation vs. Indigenous PeoplesEvictions of Mursi and other indigenous peoples in Omo and Nechisar National Parks, Ethiopia. Photo Credit: Anne Steinbach Clemens Sehi