A vast Canadian wheat cultivation scheme deprived indigenous Barabaig pastoralists of their ancestral land in the 1970s. Subsequent development projects, population growth, and conservation activities have made the pursuit of pastoral livelihoods even more difficult. Photo Credit: Dana Ullman/The GroundTruth Project


Maasai communities are facing violent attacks and eviction due to agricultural investments, conservation, and discrimination by farmers.


Rufiji is the southernmost district of Pwani Region. Land conflicts in this district have mainly taken place around the villages of Ikwiriri and Utete. The pastoralist population dramatically increased in the area after herders were evicted from Mbarali District in Mbeya Region in 2006-07. (Photo credit: ACAI Initiative)