Farmers encroaching on pastoralist village land has led to violent conflict in Kilosa and Mvomero districts.
One of the world’s last and most ancient hunter-gatherer societies struggle for survival in northern Tanzania.
A vast Canadian wheat cultivation scheme deprived indigenous Barabaig pastoralists of their ancestral land in the 1970s. Subsequent development projects, population growth, and conservation activities have made the pursuit of pastoral livelihoods even more difficult. Photo Credit: Dana Ullman/The GroundTruth Project
Conservation efforts in the Kilombero Valley led to the eviction of Sukuma, Maasai, and Barabaig pastoralists in the Kilombero and Ulanga Districts of the Morogoro Region.
The Tanzanian government made an eviction attempt on several ethnic groups including Hadza, Datoga, and Sukuma for the sake of a wildlife management area, leaving some people homeless.
In May 2006, thousands of pastoralists and their livestock were evicted from the Usangu Plains in Mbarali district.
To make way for the Mkomazi Game Reserve National Park, many pastoralists have been evicted. As a result, resources are becoming overused and pastoralists are being crowded out of their way of life. (Photo credit: Wickama et al. 2005)
Maasai communities are facing violent attacks and eviction due to agricultural investments, conservation, and discrimination by farmers.
Government authorities lure foreign companies by promoting 350,000 hectares of fertile land, some of which is inhabited by indigenous people. Police violently evicted pastoralists, causing them to be homeless.
Rufiji is the southernmost district of Pwani Region. Land conflicts in this district have mainly taken place around the villages of Ikwiriri and Utete. The pastoralist population dramatically increased in the area after herders were evicted from Mbarali District in Mbeya Region in 2006-07. (Photo credit: ACAI Initiative)