Farmers encroaching on pastoralist village land has led to violent conflict in Kilosa and Mvomero districts.
Conservation efforts in the Kilombero Valley led to the eviction of Sukuma, Maasai, and Barabaig pastoralists in the Kilombero and Ulanga Districts of the Morogoro Region.
The Tanzanian government made an eviction attempt on several ethnic groups including Hadza, Datoga, and Sukuma for the sake of a wildlife management area, leaving some people homeless.
In May 2006, thousands of pastoralists and their livestock were evicted from the Usangu Plains in Mbarali district.
Maasai communities are facing violent attacks and eviction due to agricultural investments, conservation, and discrimination by farmers.