The Wodaabe are an indigenous people found in Niger and throughout North Africa. While they follow the nomadic lifestyle of cattle herding and some trading, their land rights are threatened by the Nigerien government’s encouragement of farm settlements. Photo Credit: Meryt Harding
In the Unity State of South Sudan, community land comprising 105,000 hectares was leased to an Egyptian company in 2009 for 25 years. The company, Citadel Capital, seeks to use the land to grow maize and sorghum. Photo Credit: Tim Mckulka
Maasai communities are facing violent attacks and eviction due to agricultural investments, conservation, and discrimination by farmers.
Government authorities lure foreign companies by promoting 350,000 hectares of fertile land, some of which is inhabited by indigenous people. Police violently evicted pastoralists, causing them to be homeless.
The influx of land-buyers is crowding out pastoralists in Bagamoyo. Additionally, a mega sugar cane plantation is being built, leading to more evictions of pastoralists.
The Ethiopia government leased land to Malaysian company Lim Siow Jin Estate in the Bench Maji Zone of the SNNPR (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region) region in 2011. However, the 31,000-hectare large plantation overlaps with the land of the Suri people and has had negative effects on their traditional pastoral livelihood.
In the Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia, several indigenous groups including Murle, Kara, Mursi, Suri, Bodi and Dassanech have been harmed by the Kuraz Sugar Development Project. Photo Credit: The Oakland Institute.
Koma are agro-pastoralists who raise cattle and goats. Due to government resettlement policies, they are increasingly unable to maintain traditional livelihoods. Photo Credit: Dartmouth
Karayu traditionally live in the Fantalle district but many were evicted in 2006 for the creation of the Awash National Park and development projects such as the Metahara Sugar Factory and Upper Awash Agro-industry Enterprise. Karayu are also forbidden access to their only water source, the Awash River. Photo Credit: Flickr
A total of 1.2 million hectares of land in Gambella has been allocated for investors. These projects are seen as a threat to the livelihood of several pastoralist groups in the region. In 2018, more land continues to be sold to investors. Photo credit: Alfredo Bini