Bagungu people are an indigenous group living in the Buliisa District near Lake Albert in northwest Uganda. Since the creation of Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP), maintaining their pastoralist livelihood has become a challenge.
Maasai vs. Maasai Mara National Reserve
Maasai members had over two-thirds of their land taken away during British and Kenyan rule in 1961 to create the Maasai Mara National Reserve and were forced onto smaller pieces of land in Narok and Kajiado Districts. A 2004 petition for compensation and the reclaimed land was turned aside by the government, leading to protests and…
Himba vs. Hydroelectric Dam Proposals in Kunene Region
The OvaHimba [Himba] have held onto their traditional pastoralist lifestyle to this day despite many droughts, wars, and land grab attempts. They face new challenges as the government seeks to build dams on the Kunene River. Photo Credit: Hans Hillewaert
Indigenous Land Rights Efforts in Namibia
Today, indigenous groups in Namibia struggle for recognition and formal collective land rights of their respective ancestral territories. They are facing government land reform efforts in the name of development and conservation. Photo credit: Maryknoll
The Landless Twa of Rwanda
33,000 Twa (Batwa) account for less than one percent of the Rwandan population and are the most vulnerable population living there. Twa are landless and many struggle to make a living in modern society. The government only recognizes Twa as “historically marginalized.” Photo Credit: Nick Ashdown
Khoisan in South Africa
Photo Credit: Atlanta Black Star
A vast Canadian wheat cultivation scheme deprived indigenous Barabaig pastoralists of their ancestral land in the 1970s. Subsequent development projects, population growth, and conservation activities have made the pursuit of pastoral livelihoods even more difficult. Photo Credit: Dana Ullman/The GroundTruth Project
Conservation efforts in the Kilombero Valley led to the eviction of Sukuma, Maasai, and Barabaig pastoralists in the Kilombero and Ulanga Districts of the Morogoro Region.
In May 2006, thousands of pastoralists and their livestock were evicted from the Usangu Plains in Mbarali district.
To make way for the Mkomazi Game Reserve National Park, many pastoralists have been evicted. As a result, resources are becoming overused and pastoralists are being crowded out of their way of life. (Photo credit: Wickama et al. 2005)