Batwa communities were forcefully removed from their land in Kahuzi-Biega National Park (PNKB) without further accommodations.
Like Basongora in Uganda and other Batwa groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, many indigenous Mbuti face discrimination and landlessness after eviction from their ancestral land due to “militarized conservation.” Photo credit: Michael Christopher Brown
The Okapi Wildlife Reserve is home to indigenous Mbuti hunter-gatherers who help protect native species of the forest. Mbuti livelihoods are being threatened, though, by illegal poaching, mining and deforestation. Photo Credit: Monusco Photos
A conflict between Batwa group members, a marginalized hunter-gatherer group, and Luba members, a Bantu ethnic group, has resulted in hundreds of deaths, thousands of displaced peoples and ethnic tension in the former Katanga Region. Photo Credit: Thomas Nicolon (Mongabay)