The Ethiopia government leased land to Malaysian company Lim Siow Jin Estate in the Bench Maji Zone of the SNNPR (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region) region in 2011. However, the 31,000-hectare large plantation overlaps with the land of the Suri people and has had negative effects on their traditional pastoral livelihood.
The Benishangul-Gumuz region is home to refugee camps housing refugees from Sudan and South Sudan, while additionally housing internally displaced people within Ethiopia. Furthermore, ethnic conflict and lack of resources have exacerbated issues in the region. Photo Credit: Africa News.
In the Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia, several indigenous groups including Murle, Kara, Mursi, Suri, Bodi and Dassanech have been harmed by the Kuraz Sugar Development Project. Photo Credit: The Oakland Institute.
The Mursi and Nyangatom are two of many pastoralist groups in the SNNPR region of Ethiopia, and surrounding area, who risk losing access to their resources, especially water, because of a series of dams being built along the Omo River. Photo credit: Salini Impregilo
Koma are agro-pastoralists who raise cattle and goats. Due to government resettlement policies, they are increasingly unable to maintain traditional livelihoods. Photo Credit: Dartmouth
Karayu traditionally live in the Fantalle district but many were evicted in 2006 for the creation of the Awash National Park and development projects such as the Metahara Sugar Factory and Upper Awash Agro-industry Enterprise. Karayu are also forbidden access to their only water source, the Awash River. Photo Credit: Flickr
A total of 1.2 million hectares of land in Gambella has been allocated for investors. These projects are seen as a threat to the livelihood of several pastoralist groups in the region. In 2018, more land continues to be sold to investors. Photo credit: Alfredo Bini
Many Hamar living in the SNNPR region are unable to herd cattle due to climate change, drought, and increased sugar operations. As a result, some Hamar are retraining as farmers to survive. Despite farming crops, many Hamar retain traditional ways of life. Whether pastoralism is sustainable may depend on government development. Photo credit: Africa Geographic
The Chabu are one of the final hunter-gatherer societies left on Earth. They are the victims of human rights abuses by the Ethiopian Government due to violent displacement from their forest home making way for agricultural development.
The Borana live in the Oromia region of southern Ethiopia. Despite holding off major industrial change, they are in land disputes with the government and other pastoralist groups in Kenya. Photo credit: CGIAR, ILRI/S.Mann